The English Royal Succession

220px-Prince_Charles_2012

Kate Middleton is pregnant.  William and Kate’s firstborn will be a direct heir to the royal house of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms (aka the English monarchy). HRH The Prince of Wales Charles, The Duke of Cornwall (The Duke of Rothesay in Scotland) is the longest-serving heir apparent in British history after the long reign of his mother. He will be the next King, and depending on what title he assumes, may be Charles III of England etc.

• HM King George V (1865–1936).

(Edward the VIII who abdicated).

• HM King George VI (1895–1952) of King’s Speech fame.

• HM The Queen Elizabeth II (born 1926) Reigning monarch.

The succession is as follows…

    (1) HRH The Prince of Wales (The Prince Charles; b. 1948).

        (2) HRH The Duke of Cambridge (Prince William; b. 1982) Charles/Diana’s son.

            (3) His issue (b. 2013 God willing).

                (4) HRH Prince Henry ‘Harry’ of Wales (b. 1984) William’s brother.

                     (5) HRH The Duke of York (The Prince Andrew; b. 1960) Charles’ brother.

                         (6) HRH Princess Beatrice of York (b. 1988) Andrew/Fergie’s daughter.

                              (7) HRH Princess Eugenie of York (b. 1990) Andrew/Fergie’s daughter.

The House of Windsor was founded by King George V by royal proclamation in 1917, when he changed the family name of from the German Saxe-Coburg and Gotha to the English Windsor due to anti-German sentiment in the British Empire during World War I.  There then followed a constitutional crisis. The Crown had descended without incident between 1714 until 1936, when Edward VIII abdicated. Edward VIII wanted to marry Wallis Simpson, a divorcee, but the Church of England, of which the British Sovereign is Supreme Governor, would not authorise the marriage of divorcees. Therefore, Parliament passed His Majesty’s Declaration of Abdication Act 1936, by which Edward VIII ceased to be Sovereign. The Act provided that he and his descendants, if any, were not to have any “right, title or interest in or to the succession to the Throne.” He had no children, and Edward VIII was succeeded by his brother George VI and thereafter succession proceeded as normal. George VI and his daughter Elizabeth II were therefore the 2nd and 3rd “Windsors.”

The British Monarchy is the oldest in the world, except for the Pope, which is not strictly a monarchy, and can be traced back perhaps 1500 years. Following Viking raids and settlement in the ninth century, the Anglo-Saxon kingdom of Wessex (“West Saxons”) emerged as the dominant English kingdom. Alfred the Great secured Wessex, achieved dominance over western Mercia, and assumed the title “King of the English.” But Wessex kings perhaps reign back to 519 BC under Cerdic or Athelstan 927 BC. This is perhaps a start point for the monarchs of England. Some of Englands most successful monarchs have been women, who are less given to war: Elizabeth I, Victoria and Elizabeth II.

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About coNZervative

A blog about politics, life, culture, literature, music and thought from Christchurch, New Zealand [NZ] (the home of 10,000 earthquakes since 4 Sept. 2010) built because of the bullying and cajoling of Liberal opinion-makers (journalism and Hollywood) against conservative-minded people who are as entitled to opinion and a perspective as anyone; and because Conservativism has served the world well. John Stringer is a New Zealander (Christchurch) in his 40s married to an American from Taco Bell; they have 5 adult children in 3 diff. countries. John is an ex-Anglican pastor, a teacher, published author (NZ), novelist (USA) and cartoonist (Aust, NZ), and has spent the last 25 years in NZ politics with the National party (he was a parliamentary candidate in 1999). There was a stint in London working for the British Conservative party as well, where he did media minding and campaign work with several Brit cabinet ministers, including Baroness Thatcher, Baroness Blatch, Michael Howard, Tom King, among others. He has an MA (classical studies, Victoria); is a graduate of the New York Film Academy; and has various awards for writing. His passions include British bulldogs, fly fishing, and history (Ancient and WWII). Winston Churchill was mainly a “Conservative” but also a “Liberal” MP between 1900-1964. A Member of Parliament for 64 years, he contested 21 parliamentary elections (for Oldham, Manchester North West, Dundee, and Epping/Woodford). Throughout his career Churchill stood for liberty. He believed in open debate and freedom of speech, and opposed any system or ideology that tried to dictate the way one should think. Churchill felt deeply that disagreements within the democratic system should not degenerate into personal animosities. RIDER: This site is not connected to nzconservative, a Catholic site, or NZ Conservative Party, although from time-to-time I share some of the views espoused by both groups and other sites I follow, as published; I am an independent thinker and blogger.
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